推进欧盟-亚洲卫星导航产业合作

伽利略在亚洲 Galileo in Asia

由于规模庞大,亚洲市场对于目标定位在全球市场的每一项服务和产品都是至关重要的致力于成为民用全球导航卫星系统标准的伽利略当然也不例外。事实上,亚洲经济体对伽利略系统具有格外的战略意义主要原因如下: 

  • 亚洲是独特的区域,尤其是其拥有或将拥有GNSS系统
  • GNSS亚洲项目涵盖的区域是GNSS下游设备的制造中心
  • 这些经济体广大GNSS市场中主要晶片产地
  • 亚洲市场具有GNSS亲合力,并且增长迅速

Due to its sheer size, the Asian market is of high importance for every product and/or service, which aims to be successful on the worldwide market. Galileo, which is to be placed as THE worldwide civilian GNSS standard is no exception. In particular, the area covered by the GNSS.asia economies are of strategic interest for the European GNSS for the main following reasons:

  • They represent a unique region, especially as it is (to be) served by several GNSS
  • The area covered by GNSS.asia is a manufacturing centre for GNSS downstream equipment
  • These five economies are home to chipsets serving mass markets in GNSS
  • They feature a proximity to markets with high GNSS affinity and enormous growth rates

下图描绘可见的全球导航卫星的平均数GNSS.asia覆盖的区域因其高密度的全球导航卫星系统渗透优势十分突出,这是由于亚洲比世界上其他地区更早致力于推动GNSS

The following figure depicts the average number of visible navigation satellites worldwide - the area covered by GNSS.asia sticks out by its high GNSS concentration, due to dedicated GNSS as well as navigation systems, whose roll-out is planned to start earlier in the G5 area than in other regions of the world.

Visible satellites

全球可见的平均卫星数量的密集度 (Dempster & Rizos, 2009)

Visible satellites Average Number of Visible Satellites across all Planned Constellations (Dempster & Rizos, 2009)

二十一世纪的第一个十年,中国及GNSS.asia覆盖的区域逐渐成为世界的工作台。形成这种趋势的原因很多,但是全球化廉价劳动力以及日渐成熟的技术能力是关键因素。因此(加上其他因素),日本韩国中国大陆、中国台湾和印度已成为越来越多消费性电子产品的生产与设计中心。基于此,同样类属于消费性电子产品的GNSS下游设备亦必将跟随这趋势。我们可以预见GNSS.asia覆盖的区域GNSS下游设备的扮演重要甚至于最为重要的角色。

The first decade of the 21st century has seen China and the area covered by GNSS.asia turning more and more into the world's workbench. The reasons for this trend are manifold, but the key factors relate to globalisation, cheap labour forces and the increasing technological capabilities in these countries. For this - and additional reasons - Japan, Korea, China, Taiwan and India have managed to establish themselves as the production and increasingly engineeringcentres for consumer electronics. Based on this, there is no reason to believe why GNSS downstream equipment, which represents a certain type of consumer electronic - will not follow that trend as well. Therefore one can expect that the area covered by GNSS.asia will play an - if not THE MOST - important role for the manufacturing of GNSS downstream equipment.

对于服务于GNSS市场的晶片也有类似考量。GNSS.asia覆盖的地区很有可能成为最为重要的区域,也是因为日本、韩国及其他亚洲区域被认为手机上瘾区域。这的人们过度使用手机各种应用,包括发短信、聊天收发电子邮件、看视频、听音乐由于市场规模可观鼓励创新,再加上众多生产晶片的企业已经入驻,不难推论全球导航卫星系统的应用在此区域大放异彩下图预测全球导航卫星系统应用在手机的普及率,并与不同的市场比较。

Similar considerations prevail for the chipsets, which are produced to serve mass markets in GNSS. Again, it is the area covered by GNSS.asia that is likely to be the number one region, also because Japan, Korea and co. are "mobile phone addicted". In this region it is a custom to use the mobile phone excessively, for all sorts of applications, be it texting, chatting, emailing, video and music streaming, etc. One does not need to be too visionary to assume that GNSS applications will see a first major roll-out in the GNSS.asia region, especially because of the size of the market, the innovation friendliness and the fact that numerous chipset firms are producing in the region, to serve the GNSS mass markets. The figure below outlines a forecast of the GNSS penetration within mobile phones and compares this forecast for different markets.

手机普及率

Mobile Phone Penetration

Mobile Phone penetration

不同市场中GNSS的手机普及率(资料来源: GSA’s GNSS Market Report)

GNSS Penetration in Mobile Phones in Different Markets (Source: GSA’s GNSS Market Report)

本地区的规模、增长速度,以及GNSS的亲合性,使其成为一个关键市场,特别对于想在世界其他地区获得协同作用与合适的发展的企业

Both the size and growth rate of this region, as well as its GNSS affinity make it a key market to be addressed early on, especially if one wants to obtain synergies with adapted roll-outs in other corners of the world. 

欧洲GNSS 亚洲的密切联系体现在亚洲经济体对于欧洲卫星导航竞赛的大量贡献,例如台湾多年来一直积极参与该项竞赛。

The large relevance of European GNSS in Asian region is illustrated by the fact that a large number of contributions in the European Satellite Navigation Competition stem from Asian economies, e.g. Taiwan has actively participated for many years in the contest.  

 

根据欧盟地平线2020科研和创新框架计划第641615号协议,欧盟资助了全球卫星导航(亚洲)项目。