推进欧盟-亚洲卫星导航产业合作

国际GNSS合作 International GNSS Cooperation

新的全球性与区域性卫星导航系统以及星基增强系统的出现更加强了卫星导航领域国际合作的必要性。

The emergence of new global and regional navigation satellite systems, as well as satellite-based augmentation systems has made the necessity for international cooperation on satellite navigation even stronger.

国际GNSS合作在政策、技术与服务提供层面展开。主要议题如下:

  • 兼容性:即各GNSS系统能够在不干扰彼此的服务与信号的前提下同时或独立使用,同时非军事与非政府的应用可能会拥堵,但不会对这些信号产生不利影响。
  • 互操作性:即GNSS系统能够同时使用以向用户提供比单一服务或信号更强的功能。
  • 通过合作提高民用服务提供过程的透明度。
  • 通过合作扩大该行业的市场准入。
  • 开展国际活动以检测并消除有害干扰。

International GNSS cooperation is carried out at policy, technical and service provision levels. The main issues of international GNSS cooperation are listed below:

  • Compatibility: This means that GNSS systems can be used together or separately without interfering with each individual service or signal, and that non-military (and non-governmental) can be jammed without adversely affecting those signals.
  • Interoperability: This refers to the ability of GNSS systems to be used together to provide the user better capabilities than would be achieved by relying solely on one service or signal.
  • Cooperation to promote transparency in civil service provision.
  • Cooperation to ensure market access to industry.
  • International activities to detect and mitigate harmful interference.

欧洲GNSS系统的发展与国际合作密不可分。除与其他GNSS提供方在兼容性与互操作性方面的合作之外,欧盟也积极开展国际合作促进EGNOS与伽利略系统在世界范围内的拓展。欧盟已经签署了数项双边合作协议,另外也有更多的双边协议正处于谈判阶段。

The development of European GNSS is strongly linked to international cooperation. Besides efforts towards compatibility and interoperability with other GNSS providers, international cooperation focuses on fostering the uptake of Galileo and EGNOS worldwide. There are several bilateral GNSS cooperation agreements in force while more are in discussion phase. 

除上述议题外,欧盟也积极寻求标准制定、研发、伽利略应用、SBAS与EGNOS拓展、安全与贸易问题上的GNSS合作。

全球卫星导航系统国际委员会(ICG)于2005年成立,旨在促进国际GNSS合作。

Except for issues listed previously EU is actively seeking GNSS cooperation on standardisation, research, Galileo applications, SBAS and EGNOS extensions, security and trade matters.

The International Committee on Global Navigation Satellite Systems (ICG) has been formed in 2005 to promote international GNSS cooperation activities.

 

根据欧盟地平线2020科研和创新框架计划第641615号协议,欧盟资助了全球卫星导航(亚洲)项目。